This programs forth to provide a peaceful solution to the political impasse and violence that had engulfed the country after the 2007 general elections. The object and purpose for which the program is established is to facilitate and promote equality of opportunity, good relations, harmony and peaceful coexistence between persons of the different ethnic and racial communities of Kenya
This programme aims to strengthen conflict prevention, peace-building and social cohesion capacities both at the national and community levels in order to address potential risk factors and promote greater citizen and community participation in peace-building, as well as to mainstream conflict-sensitive development processes. Working closely with other programmes at the NCIC, the programme supports and/or coordinates a national reconciliation project aimed at providing policy analysis and influence on a range of issues vital to national cohesion, peacebuilding and reconciliation in Kenya.
It also seeks to mainstream gender in reconciliation processes and disseminates the lessons learned from the Kenya Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission. Among the key strategies for promoting reconciliation include:
i) Forgiveness in partnership with the Kenya Forgiveness Project, economic redress and reparations as a foundation for National Cohesion and Development in Kenya;
ii) The role of culture and tradition in promoting reconciliation in Kenya;
iii) Role of memorialization in promoting reconciliation in Kenya.
Other strategies include capacity building and training for key stakeholders on strategies for addressing community reconciliation and promoting national cohesion. They will also address strategies for supporting trauma healing and empowering women and youth to actively participate in promoting coexistence between ethnic, religious and racial groups in Kenya.
Entrenched patterns of exclusion, discrimination and human rights abuses remain serious obstacles to social change and democratic governance in Kenya. Economic and political exclusion, unequal distribution and access to resources, and other forms of discrimination and violence prevent large segments of the country’s population from realizing their full potential and being more active participants in the development of their communities. The attitudes and behaviors which underlie exclusion, violence, and discrimination and other human rights abuses draw on traditional beliefs and practices, the colonial legacy as well as discriminatory and inequitable post-colonial patterns of economic development and political control. These were the root causes of the post-election violence (PEV) 2007/2008.